عنوان مقاله [English]
Madness, insanity and stupidity before committing a crime will be reduced from the perspective of Iranian law according to the "personality and background of the offender". If we punish the insane, we will never achieve the objective goal of punishment or correction of the offender, which is why punishment and punishment are not useful. The main research question of the article is what is the effect of insanity, insanity and stupidity on the criminal liability of the offender from the perspective of Iranian law? . Madness, insanity and cowardice at the time of committing a crime are the complete abolition of the criminal responsibility of the offender and the criminal responsibility of the offender has no effect on the criminal responsibility of the offender; But the court has the power to reduce the punishment of the insane, the innocent and the idiot. The research method in this article is descriptive-analytical with a comparative approach and using the library and by taking notes.