عنوان مقاله [English]
In jurisprudence, the human child is called from birth to the age of puberty. In legal terms and in civil law, the word child is used synonymously with a minor and a child and refers to someone who has not reached puberty and is not a minor or a minor who is an adult and It has not grown. Children born out of wedlock are said to be born out of wedlock between the original parents as a result of adultery and an illegitimate relationship. From a legal point of view, the lineage of such children is illegitimate because the relationship between their natural parents was illegitimate. Article 1167 of the Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran, following the Imami jurists, does not consider a child born of adultery to be involved in adultery. The implication of non-accession in this article is that the legislator ignores the natural lineage of the child and does not recognize the legal effects of lineage such as inheritance, custody, alimony and forced guardianship and does not regulate these effects on the relationship between parent and child. The law is intended for the children of children only for legitimate children. The French legislature passed a law in 2001 that gave the illegitimate child all the rights of a legitimate child, but there are still restrictions on the illegitimate child in terms of inheritance.