عنوان مقاله [English]
The theory of nature is a fundamental and explanatory theory that is derived from a heavenly and kingdom truth which is the same divine deposit in the institution and existence of man, and it is called nature, which is a special and unique nature in his existence, and a special view of man and his rights in It has its individual and social life, and this view is one of the main factors that differentiate between Islamic and non-Islamic theories of education. In this theory, nature plays a key role in education, and it is considered the "foundation of education", "basis of education", "capital of education" and "destination of education", all of which somehow play a role in the formation of human rights. According to the theory of nature that is used from the verses of the Holy Qur'an, the verses of the Holy Qur'an lead us to a grounding process, to create a gradual transformation and flourishing of the natural talents hidden in humans in all dimensions (cognitive, tendency, etc.), by removing the defects and It indicates the shortcomings and in the direction of realizing the growth and perfection worthy of him. Therefore, in the current research, it is tried to determine based on the theory of nature, what goals should be considered in education, which is the most important reason for our knowledge about our own and others' rights. For this purpose, by using the descriptive-analytical research method, the educational implications of the theory of nature were defined based on the teachings of the Holy Quran regarding the goals. According to the research carried out, it was found that in the field of educational implications of the theory of nature in relation to the goals of education, the ultimate goal in Islamic education in various ways is welfare, salvation and being on the path of God's worship. And the intermediate goals that will lead us to the ultimate goal are: self-knowledge, correct worldview, development of human social personality, strengthening and cultivating the spirit of gratitude to parents, recognition of lasting and desirable values, and cultivation of virtue, strengthening and cultivating nature. Seeking the truth is strengthening and nurturing the desire for immortality, good life, etc.