عنوان مقاله [English]
The creation of virtual currencies on the basis of distributed ledger technology as a new topic in the virtual world, while facilitating, reducing costs and increasing the speed of value transfer, is the cause of transformation in the field of electronic commerce, monetary and banking systems, information and communication technology, etc. has been In addition to the usefulness of virtual currencies, it is possible to use them in some criminal activities such as money laundering, terrorism financing, tax evasion, buying and selling of drugs and psychotropic substances. On the other hand, the financial value of virtual currencies has provided the possibility of theft, fraud, hacking and unauthorized access to these currencies. The purpose of this research is to examine the criminal policies that deal with criminal activities related to virtual currencies. Accurate legal definition of virtual currencies and determining their legal nature, amending laws related to virtual currencies and approving new laws taking into account the unique characteristics of virtual currencies in cases where there is no law, determining criminal titles related to virtual currencies where possible There is no compliance with the current laws, cooperation with foreign countries and international institutions in the field of exchanging information and communications related to virtual currencies, concluding a memorandum of understanding between the private and public sectors, using and employing virtual currency experts and training prosecutors and judicial officers, among other solutions It is a proposal to control criminal activities related to virtual currencies.