نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکترای حقوق بین الملل عمومی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، مدرس دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران.
2 دانش آموخته کارشناس ارشد حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز، آذربایجان شرقی. ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Crime and delinquency are considered important in society because the criminal spends his energy on committing crime and delinquency instead of education, employment and other things that are effective for the society. This issue has occupied the public opinion. And in all societies, there is an effort to prevent people from committing crimes by knowing the factors. Also, crime is a natural phenomenon in society and society's responses to crime are studied in criminology and criminology. One of the reasons for a person's delinquency and his subsequent sentencing to prison is the deficiencies in his socialization process in the family. Therefore, the purpose of sentencing the accused to prison is not because of the suffering and torment on him, but to ensure the peace and security of the society. Also, prison causes a person to stay away from family and society, and in addition, they often look at him as a criminal, which sometimes causes the collapse of the family unit. As we can see, today the punishment of prison, which was once one of the honors of mankind, has turned into a breeding ground for delinquency and its correctional and rehabilitation function has failed. For this reason, it has been criticized by lawyers and criminal systems. In this research, we have tried to investigate the criminology of prisoners' delinquency, and the research method used in this research is using the library method and data collection.