عنوان مقاله [English]
Background: The paradigm of criminal justice is a rooted pattern in the Islamic jurisprudence system, which, with the intelligent approach of crimes and punishments within human communities, and consequently the imposition of criminal laws seeking to fulfill and extract the desirable and efficient criminal system, to suppress the deeds and behaviors. ;;
Purpose: Given the ultimate purpose of punishment (prevention of crime), therefore, based on the evolution of the process of justice, the purpose of writing this essay, understanding the concept and philosophy of criminal justice -based law -abiding, as well as explaining the educational status of this subject in the doctrine. It will be Islamic jurisprudential and legal.
Method: This is a documentary research and in line with Imam Khomeini's opinion on the process of criminal justice -based justice, findings by referring to information sources in the field of criminal jurisprudence and philosophy of punishment in Islamic legal system based on human dignity, human dignity, The usefulness, correction, training and rehabilitation of criminals have been collected.
Outcome: In the intellectual context of the Imam (PBUH), the punishment of the offender in the process of human and criminal view of him and on the basis of mercy and mercy is considered to him; In this respect, the basis of punishment will not only be with his human dignity, but also with the aim of educating the offender and in order to reform and socialize him and to establish the prosperity of the individual and society.